This is an article for students and theologians. It is an extract from Dr. The Greek View Until we can reconstruct with some confidence the emergence of Gnosticism, it is highly speculative to speak of the influence of Gnostic ideas on the emerging Christian faith.
Nov 1, Part I: New Arrivals On the banks of the Mekong in Vientiane, there is a Chinese temple that is empty for most of the day. Inside the temple, an electric pump pours water into a stone tank and a polished Buddha presides over the empty room.
His pack of cigarettes, with a photograph on it of orchids bobbing on water in a copper bowl, was the only sign of ordinary life.
Opposite the temple, across the Mekong, is the Thai town of Phan Phrao. Phan Phrao was originally a part of Vientiane, but inwhen France drew up the borders of its new protectorate in Southeast Asia, the Mekong was used as a boundary.
Vientiane was cut in half. It had been annexed by Siam in and induring a rebellion, it was razed by a Siamese army. The Emerald Buddha was carried off with the spoils. At night, smugglers cross the river with products Laos cannot manufacture itself.
It is a tempting run. The crossing is simple too, a straightforward A to B over unpatrolled water. The Mekong is a few hundred metres wide where it flows past Vientiane, but the water is sluggish and heavy with silt. On the Lao side, a wide sandbar called Don Chan Island halves the distance from riverbank to riverbank.
Don Chan is, for the moment, just a strip of mud and scrub, but a joint venture with a Chinese company and million dollars of cheap Chinese loans will soon transform it into an island of wealth, with apartments and offices, a shopping centre, a hotel, an entertainment complex, a medical centre and an international school.
It might have explained why nobody ever paid their respects to the deity inside: Laos had apparently reneged on the agreement, with the lame excuse that the wrong official had signed the papers.
But my waiter had been wrong. The demolished temple, which was well known for its opera recitals on festival days, and its spotless replacement were emblematic of a larger change: Immigration slowed to a trickle inwhen the communist government made getting out of the mainland perilous, but now, after a fifty-year-long interregnum, Chinese people were again flocking to Laos.
It was easy to imagine that the cultural divide between these two Chinese populations was as wide as the divide that separated China from Laos, and at Fude Temple there were hints that this might be true. We went inside, unsure if we should speak English or Chinese to the staff. Yes, a waitress replied, we could look at a menu — and it seemed like we could also use Chinese.
We sat down to decide whether we would have dumplings filled with pork and celery, pork and cabbage, pork and shrimp or plain mutton. The man was middle-aged: His gaze — narrow and stern, but not rude — was probably intended to hide his curiosity, but it gave the man the appearance of a suspicious immigration official, hunting through our passports for a missing stamp.
The man told us we spoke Chinese very well; we told him we still had a great deal to learn. He asked where we had studied; we said Shanghai.
He asked where we were from; we told him South Africa.The history of literature is the historical development of writings in prose or poetry that attempt to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader/listener/observer, as well as the development of the literary techniques used in the communication of these pieces.
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According to the Bible, God killed or authorized the killings of up to 25 million people. This is the God of which Jesus was an integral part.
Part I: New Arrivals. On the banks of the Mekong in Vientiane, there is a Chinese temple that is empty for most of the day. The city’s children use its concrete parking lot to practice BMX and skateboard tricks, popping Ollies and kickflips in torn jeans and t-shirts with obscure English prints – like Your Momma Is My Bitch, on a podgy boy of about twelve.
"He is past president of the Society of Biblical Literature, the International Society for New Testament Studies, and the North American Patristic Society." -- From, The Case for Christ, by Lee Strobel, Zondervan Publishers, , Grand Rapids, MI: pg. Preface. When one who has been reared in the Evangelical Church is favorably impressed with the doctrine of Universal Salvation, it frequently happens that the many texts he has heard quoted against it, operate as stumbling blocks in his way.
It contained all 39 books we see in Church Bibles today (warning Protestant Bibles have had a number of books removed) and is called the Greek Old Testament. It is the Old Testament Scripture that Jesus, the Apostles, Paul and the early Church knew and cited.