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The Huqoq synagogue's 5th century mosaic, with the upper register showing a war elephant. Jim Haberman Pachyderms find no mention in the Bible.
Excavations at Huqoq began inand during the first season archaeologists led by Magness found the wall of a synagogue. Which story, however, remains a subject of debate.
Get The Times of Israel's Daily Edition by email and never miss our top stories Free Sign Up Huqoq, located just to the northwest of the Sea of Galilee, is mentioned as a border town for the tribe of Naphtali in the Book of Joshua, but was a Jewish agricultural village during late Roman and Byzantine times, when the synagogue was in use.
The period is associated with the development of the Jewish law books known as the Gemara, and the village of Huqoq finds mentions in rabbinic texts as a producer of mustard and home to some significant rabbis.
Stone vessels, mikvaot — Jewish ritual baths — and the synagogue attest to its Jewish habitation at this time. Her aim when starting the expedition in was to determine when the Galilean-type synagogue, such as that found at nearby Capernaum, became the prevalent style, but the team had no idea a synagogue even lay beneath the earth before they started excavating.
They struck pay dirt. The old man, who appears in a lower portion of the mosaic as well, points at the sky and is flanked by an entourage of younger men in white robes with sheathed daggers. The Greek king leads a bull by the horns and is backed by a phalanx of soldiers and war elephants — a quintessentially Greek battle beast — with brilliant collars and shields on their sides.
The lower section shows a dying soldier holding his shield and a bleeding bull bristling with spears. Jim Haberman The middle section shows the elderly man seated with a scroll in hand beneath a colonnade, flanked by young men with swords.
Last summer archaeologists postulated it represented the Maccabees facing off against the Seleucid Greeks, the wars commemorated in the Jewish holiday of Hannukah.
She emphasized that the sections of the ornate floor revealed thus far are but a small fraction of the entire mosaic, and the nave of the synagogue and its central design have yet to be uncovered. Although graven images are proscribed in Orthodox Jewish tradition, the prevalence of human figures in this period — particularly in synagogues — reinforces the notion that there was a greater diversity in Jewish practice than suggested by historical texts.News Dive into the world of science!
Read these stories and narratives to learn about news items, hot topics, expeditions underway, and much more. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.
Stunning mosaic found at ancient Galilee synagogue Team of archaeologists uncovers unprecedented non-biblical figures in decorations at Huqoq, a . Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Meal times The history of meal times (and number of meals consumed) makes for fascinating study. These differ greatly from culture to culture and through time.
Y ou’ve been searching for a long time. Youdecide to try one more church that advertises itselfas a “Bible-believing” fellowship. The worship portion of its service.