Compare and contrast romanesque and gothic architecture

List of Terms Ambulatory- the passageway around the apse of a church allowing circulation behind the high altar. Radiating Chapels- chapels that "radiate" or project like the spokes of a wheel from the ambulatory.

Compare and contrast romanesque and gothic architecture

Medieval Gothic Art in Italy Italian text by AnnaLisa Limardi - Translation and adaptation by Domenico Russumanno The passage from Romanesque to Gothic in architecture is marked by the increasing height of buildings, the appearance of the pointed arch, the slimming down of bulk and the growing complexity of ribbing.

The characteristic forms that were to define Gothic architecture grew out of Romanesque architecture and developed at several different geographic locations, as the result of different influences and structural requirements.

However Italian Gothic had a different character from the rest of Europe: Great Gothic churches and cathedral grew up all over Italy.

Compare and contrast romanesque and gothic architecture

Siena Cathedral, the Divine Beauty. Heart of the art, history and tradition of Siena. The basilica of San Francesco in Assisi, which was begun inis built into the side of a hill and comprises two churches known as the Upper Church and the Lower Church, and a crypt where the remains of the saint are interred.

The interior of the Upper Church is an important early example of the Gothic style in Italy. The range and quality of the works gives the basilica a unique importance in demonstrating the development of Italian art of this period.

Orvieto Cathedral - Classic piece of religious construction. Construction began in and completed in The most exciting and eye-catching part is its golden frontage, which is decorated by large bas-reliefs and statues with the symbols Angel, Ox, Lion, Eagle of the Evangelists, standing on the cornice above the sculptured panels on the piers.

The bas-reliefs on the piers depict biblical stories from the Old and New Testament. They are considered among the most famous of all 14th-century sculpture. It is situated on the Piazza di Santa Croce, less then a km away from the Duomo.

The Basilica is the largest Franciscan church in the world. Its most notable features are its sixteen chapels, many of them decorated with frescoes by Giotto and his pupils, and its tombs and cenotaphs.

Architecture, History: Evolution of Building Design

One of the most impressive projects of the Renaissance. Work started in on the site of an earlier cathedral dedicated to Saint Reparata, and completed structurally in The huge brick edifice presents the classic Italian Gothic style and was built to hold large congregations.

It is dedicated to John and Paul, not the Biblical Apostles of the same names, but two obscure martyrs of the Early Christian church in Rome, whose names were recorded in the 3rd century but whose legend is of a later date. The Franciscans were granted land to build a church inbut the building was not completed until Work almost immediately began on its much larger replacement, the current church, which took over a century to build.

The campanile, the second tallest in the city after that of San Marco, was completed in It is dedicated to the Assumption Assunzione della Beata Vergine.

Altar - Interior details. The last great examples of this style, drawing closer to the taste of northern Europe, are the basilica of St Petronio, with three naves, in Bologna and Milan Cathedral with five.

It is the fifteenth largest church in the world, metres long and 66 metres wide, while the vault reaches 45 metres inside and 51 metres in the facade.

The first stone of construction was laid June 7, Compare and contrast the differences in styles between the Romanesque and Gothic styles.

What are some contextual reasons for the differences? Be sure to connect your arguments to specific examples in painting, sculpture, or architecture. This is a compare and contrast response.

Compare and Contrast: Gothic to Renaissance Essay. There is truly no doubt that the Gothic and Renaissance eras were both incredibly significant periods of time in the history of art - Compare and Contrast: Gothic to Renaissance Essay introduction.

The developing transition beginning in the Gothic period as far back as , to the end of the Early Renaissance in and finally the High.

Gothic Art and Architecture

5. Both styles Romanesque and Gothic were placed in Western Europe, in the middle Ages, but not at the same time. Romanesque was first. It began in the 7th century and reached to the rest of Western Europe in a short period of time. This cathedral has many characteristics which contributed to the future of Romanesque and Gothic architecture.

This cathedral is characterized by its round arches and vaults, twin towered facade, and the substitution of piers for columns. Medieval Gothic Art in Italy Italian text by AnnaLisa Limardi - Translation and adaptation by Domenico Russumanno The passage from Romanesque to Gothic in architecture is marked by the increasing height of buildings, the appearance of the pointed arch, the slimming down of bulk and the growing complexity of ribbing.

Romanesque and Gothic Discussion The final content for this course discusses both Romanesque and Gothic artistic styles. Some may see the Gothic as a progression, but there were various contextual influences that led to the differences of these two styles of art and architecture.

Romanesque Architecture