Raphael's plan Michelangelo's plan Pope Julius' scheme for the grandest building in Christendom  was the subject of a competition for which a number of entries remain intact in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. It was the design of Donato Bramante that was selected, and for which the foundation stone was laid in This plan was in the form of an enormous Greek Cross with a dome inspired by that of the huge circular Roman temple, the Pantheon.
Approval of this most significant architectural project took six years just for the plan. Construction, which began intook thirty-five years until finally complete in It was built to replace a church that had been leveled by the Great Fire of He brought a range of new forms, and architectural combinations into English architecture.
Masonry, brick, timber, and cut stone were used to form the structure of the cathedral. Cathedrals all around, have always played a large role in the communities they serve.
Their fundamental purpose is to bring people closer to God, but over the centuries they have served as a focal point for trade, as a stronghold and a place of safety in times of war, and as immense status symbols.
The present building is also the first cathedral to have been built since the creation of the Church of England inwhen religion was brought under the direct control of the monarch. It is through the famous West Doors that so many British monarchs and distinguished figures have entered the Cathedral.
The people of England see the cathedral has a symbol of their country. The walls hold much significance and stories dating back to the beginning of established religion.
The structure, however, was in a very bad shape, and in Mayafter a fall of the remains of the building materials fell; Wren was asked to submit proposals for a new cathedral.
His second proposal was a mimic of the Greek cross. It was a classical style of the Italian Renaissance, it was centrally planned, and the main interior space was set beneath an enormous dome, and auxiliary spaces were located around the sides. But the clergy, who were only familiar with cathedrals whose designs, were Romanesque or Gothic, and were not familiar to classical architecture in his design, quickly through out the new design.
His third design, "The Warrant Design", was still classical architecture, but it was based on the criticisms of the Greek cross design. The plan was longitudinal, the nave and choir were bordered by lower aisles, and the towers and spire suggested the shape of medieval England.
This design was approved by King Charles II, but Wren asked for permission to make some variations in the ornamental aspects of the design.St.
Paul's Cathedral, in London, England, was designed by architect Sir Christopher Wren. Approval of this most significant architectural project took six years just for the plan. Construction, which began in , took thirty-five years until finally complete in /5(1).
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Approval of this most significant architectural project took six years just for the plan. Malcolm Guite is a beloved English poet/priest, renowned for his thoughtful and popular revival of the sonnet form. He currently resides outside Cambridge, where he serves as Chaplain of Girton leslutinsduphoenix.com is the author of nine books and a new CD, Songs & Sonnets.
St. Paul's Cathedral in London is the seat of the Bishop of London and a major London landmark. It is located on Ludgate Hill in the financial district known as the City of London. The present St. Paul's Cathedral, which was built between and , is the fourth cathedral to occupy the site, which was sacred even before Christianity arrived.
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