He is a criminal whose real name is James Gatz, and the life he has created for himself is an illusion. By the same token, the title of the novel refers to the theatrical skill with which Gatsby makes this illusion seem real: Nick is particularly taken with Gatsby and considers him a great figure. He sees both the extraordinary quality of hope that Gatsby possesses and his idealistic dream of loving Daisy in a perfect world.
Historical context[ edit ] Set on the prosperous Long Island ofThe Great Gatsby provides a critical social history of America during the Roaring Twenties within its fictional narrative.
That era, known for widespread economic prosperity, the development of jazz music, flapper culture, new technologies in communication motion pictures, broadcast radio, recorded music forging a genuine mass culture, and bootleggingalong with other criminal activity, is plausibly depicted in Fitzgerald's novel.
Fitzgerald uses many of these societal developments of the s to build Gatsby's stories, from many of the simple details like automobiles to broader themes like Fitzgerald's discreet allusions to the organized crime culture which was the source of Gatsby's fortune.
Today, there are a number of theories as to which mansion was the inspiration for the book. Fitzgerald was a young man from Minnesota, and, like Nick, who went to Yalehe was educated at an Ivy League school, Princeton. Fitzgerald is also similar to Jay Gatsby in that he fell in love while stationed far from home in the military and fell into a life of decadence trying to prove himself to the girl he loved.
Fitzgerald became a second lieutenant and was stationed at Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama. There he met and fell in love with a wild year-old beauty named Zelda Sayre.
Zelda finally agreed to marry him, but her preference for wealth, fun, and leisure led her to delay their wedding until he could prove a success. Like Gatsby, Fitzgerald was driven by his love for a woman who symbolized everything he wanted, even as she led him toward everything he despised.
He rents a small house on Long Islandin the fictional village of West Egg, next door to the lavish mansion of Jay Gatsbya mysterious multi-millionaire who holds extravagant parties but does not participate in them.
Nick drives around the bay to East Egg for dinner at the home of his cousin, Daisy Fay Buchanan, and her husband, Tom, a college acquaintance of Nick's. They introduce Nick to Jordan Baker, an attractive, cynical young golfer.
She reveals to Nick that Tom has a mistressMyrtle Wilson, who lives in the " valley of ashes ,"  an industrial dumping ground between West Egg and New York City. Not long after this revelation, Nick travels to New York City with Tom and Myrtle to an apartment that Tom uses like a hotel room for Myrtle, as well as other women whom he also sleeps with.
At Tom's New York apartment, a vulgar and bizarre party takes place. It ends with Tom physically abusing Myrtle, breaking her nose in the process, after she says Daisy's name several times, which makes him angry. The Plaza Hotel in the early s Nick eventually receives an invitation to one of Gatsby's parties.
Nick encounters Jordan Baker at the party and they meet Gatsby himself, an aloof and surprisingly young man who recognizes Nick because they were in the same division in the Great War.
Through Jordan, Nick later learns that Gatsby knew Daisy through a purely chance meeting in when Daisy and her friends were doing volunteer service work with young officers headed to Europe.
From their brief meetings and casual encounters at that time, Gatsby became and still is deeply in love with Daisy. Gatsby had hoped that his wild parties would attract an unsuspecting Daisy, who lived across the bay, to appear at his doorstep and allow him to present himself as a man of wealth and position.
Having developed a budding friendship with Nick, Gatsby uses him to arrange a reunion between himself and Daisy. Nick invites Daisy to have tea at his house without telling her that Gatsby will also be there.
After an initially awkward reunion, Gatsby and Daisy begin an affair over the summer. At a luncheon at the Buchanans' house, Daisy speaks to Gatsby with such undisguised intimacy that Tom realizes she is in love with Gatsby.
Though Tom is himself an adulterer, he is outraged by his wife's infidelity.The American dream is one of the most important themes in The Great Gatsby. The American success story is that of hard work allowing a man to become incredibly wealthy.
Discussion Questions: See questions relating to cinematic adaptations of written works in Lesson Plans Using Film Adaptations of Novels, Short Stories or Plays and Questions Suitable for Any Film That is a Work of Fiction.
Themes and Ideas The Quick Discussion Question relates to the theme of the story. 1. Is Jay Gatsby a tragic hero? The American Dream in The Great Gatsby Essay - The American dream is sought after and imagined by everyone who comes to America. It is the main reason that people come to America; they come for freedom as well as to one day attain the idea of a perfect American dream.
It theoretically symbolizes what you have accomplished in life and . The American Dream was a conception of the post-war society, which advocated for a great life.
For an increasingly optimistic public, the American Dream was the conceptualization and visualization of a good job, a great family, and a lovely home. The Great Gatsby Essay The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is a novel that portrays American society during the ’s. Throughout this engaging book, many themes are discussed.
Throughout this engaging book, many themes are discussed. Great Gatsby is considered to be an immortal American classic, dwelling on many topics Americans find relevant throughout decades, American Dream being one of them.
It is a common task to write essays on this topic and this guide will present some wonderful ideas students can use in their writing to achieve success.